What is Myocarditis?

We as humans are already facing a hard time with Covid-19 surrounding us in the form of a pandemic, and in these tough times taking care of our families have been a primary concern. Amidst all of this, doctors have discovered that the children who have suffered an infectious disease such as the coronavirus are facing a new problem by the name of Myocarditis which is a disease that has a direct impact on the function of the heart, one of the most vital organs in the human body.
Here we have mentioned a few details regarding the disease and the precautions that need to practice. 

What is myocarditis?

Myocarditis is an irritation of the heart muscle (myocardium). Myocarditis can influence your heart muscle and your heart’s electrical framework, diminishing your heart’s capacity to siphon and causing quick or strange heart rhythms (arrhythmias).

Symptoms of Myocarditis 

Myocarditis is a disease that disrupts the proper functioning of the heart and has various symptoms that might be visible as suggested by the doctors, such as:

Heart racing
Chest pain
Dizziness
Passing out
Shortness of breath
Excessive fatigue

Though these symptoms are indicators of Myocarditis, but sometimes can be caused because of some other reason, so before reaching any conclusions, it’d be better to consult a doctor and have proper tests.

How to find out if you have Myocarditis?

Several tests can be done to determine the problem ranging from simple exercise stress tests to complicated tests performed using very advanced machines.

The most widely used tests are Echocardiograms, which utilize sound waves to deliver pictures of the heart to check heart capacity and design. Another test specialists may suggest an electrocardiogram, which is utilized to assess the beat of your pulses. These tests can be joined with a blood test for more noteworthy conviction. Now and again, an activity stress test, otherwise called a treadmill test, can evaluate how well your heart can adapt to work out. At last, an MRI could be endorsed to get an exact visual of the irritation or to check whether scar tissue is left after the aggravation is no more.
Myocarditis has a few major symptoms that might start to show. However, they might be difficult to see in your kid without these tests. Work with your primary care physician to check whether any tests are required.

What causes Myocarditis?

Frequently, the reason for myocarditis isn’t recognized. Potential causes are many. However, the probability of creating myocarditis is uncommon. Potential causes include:

Virus- Numerous infections are ordinarily connected with myocarditis, including the infections that reason the regular cold (adenovirus); COVID-19; hepatitis B and C; parvovirus, which causes a gentle rash, generally in youngsters (fifth illness); and herpes simplex infection.

Gastrointestinal diseases (echoviruses), mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr infection) and German measles (rubella) additionally can cause myocarditis. It’s likewise regular in individuals with HIV, the infection that causes AIDS.

Fungus- Yeast contaminations, like candida; moulds, like aspergillus; and different parasites, for example, Histoplasma, regularly found in bird droppings, can some of the time cause myocarditis, especially in individuals with debilitated resistant frameworks.

Parasites– Among these are such parasites as Trypanosoma cruzi and Toxoplasma, including some that are communicated by bugs and can cause a condition called Chagas sickness. This illness is considerably more predominant in Central and South America than in the United States. However, it can happen in explorers and in migrants from that piece of the world.

Bacteria– Various microorganisms can cause myocarditis, including staphylococcus, streptococcus, the bacterium that causes diphtheria and the tick-borne bacterium liable for Lyme illness.  

Along with this some other causes can be other diseases, toxic reaction to certain drugs or exposure to certain chemicals.

Prevention

The ways to protect ourselves from the disease are very similar to that we have followed during the pandemic like practicing good hygiene, avoiding people with diseases and infections, avoid being exposed to certain chemicals, avoid getting exposed to ticks and most important of all getting vaccinated.

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