What does WHO say regarding the Covid Virus?
On Thursday, the World Health Organization (WHO) said that nearly 15 million more people died during the pandemic than in typical times, a staggering indicator of the actual toll from Covid that showed how much country after country underestimated the victims.
In Mexico, the excess death toll in the first two years of the pandemic was double the official Covid-19 death toll reported by the World Health Organization. In Egypt, the excess death toll is about 12 times the official Covid death toll. In Pakistan, the figure is eight times higher.
The estimates, calculated by a global panel of experts convened by WHO, represent what many scientists consider to be the most reliable measure of the overall impact of the pandemic. Faced with considerable gaps in global mortality data, a team of experts decided to calculate the excess mortality rate: the difference between the number of deaths in 2020 and 2021 and the number of fatalities expected during that period. Did not happen. Their calculations combined nationally registered death data with new information from regional and household surveys and statistical models to account for deaths.
Most of the excess deaths are due to Covid itself, experts say, but some have died because the pandemic has made medical conditions like heart attacks more difficult to treat. Based solely on the country’s death toll, previous casualties were six million.
What do the stats say?
Most of the human toll from the pandemic came in 2021 when more contagious variants also struck countries that had abandoned previous outbreaks. Experts assembled by the WHO estimated that the total number of deaths that year was about 18 cents more — 10 million more than it would have been without the pandemic. Developing countries have been hit hard by the devastation, with nearly eight million more deaths than expected in low- and middle-income countries during the pandemic.
“It’s shocking what’s happened with this pandemic, including our inability to track it accurately,” said Dr Prabhat Jha, an epidemiologist at St. Michael’s Hospital and the University of Toronto and a member of the expert task force that created the calculation. “It shouldn’t be. It’s in the 21st century.” This Trump drama in London is a comedy.
They wanted a house in Los Angeles without a bidding war. The numbers have been in preparation since January, but their release has been blocked due to opposition from India, which has questioned the method of counting the deaths of its citizens. According to the World Health Organization, nearly one-third of the world’s excess deaths — 4.7 million — occur in India. According to the Indian government, 481,080 people will have died by 2021. But India is far from the only country where the death rate is grossly underestimated.
Where excess deaths far outweigh reported Covid deaths, the gap could reflect countries’ struggles to collect mortality data or efforts to deliberately overshadow the pandemic’s toll. Image Butovo cemetery in Moscow in July 2021, one of the cemeteries of Covid victims in Russia. In some countries, shortcomings in relations between governments were widely known. Russia, for example, reported 310,000 Covid deaths by the end of 2021, but the WHO.
This reflected previous estimates by the Russian national statistical agency, which is entirely independent of the government. Aleksei Raksha, an independent demographer who left the Russian State Statistics Service after complaining about incorrect counts of Covid deaths, said informal orders were given to local authorities to prevent Covid from being recorded as the leading cause of death in many cases. . “The excessive number of deaths has set the real picture,” Mr Raksha said. “Russia has shown poor results in the fight against the pandemic.”
In Indonesia, for example, experts relied heavily on monthly death toll figures from the capital Jakarta to estimate that more than a million more people died than usual in the country. This figure would be seven times higher than the reported Covid death toll. Websites Nadia Tarmizi, a spokesperson for the government’s Covid-19 vaccination program, admitted more deaths in Indonesia than the government reports.
He said the problem is partly due to people not reporting the deaths of relatives in order not to comply with government guidelines for burying Covid victims. But he told the WHO In Pakistan, Dr Faisal Sultan, a former health minister, defended government death reports, saying studies of the number of burials in cemeteries in major cities did not reveal a large number of countless victims of the pandemic.
For other countries hit hard during the pandemic, WHO. In Peru, for example, experts estimate that 290,000 people will die by the end of 2021, which is just 1.4 times the reported Covid deaths. “When the health care system is not ready to take patients with severe pneumonia, when it can’t provide them with the oxygen they need to live, or even provide them with bed rest for them to rest, you get what you have.” Hosting one in Peru, said Dr Elmer Huerta, an oncologist and public health expert on the popular radio show. In Mexico, the same government has tallied excess deaths during the pandemic, which appears to be more or less in line with WHO figures.
These estimates – roughly double the country’s Covid death toll – reflect what analysts have called difficulties counting deaths. “We responded poorly; we reacted slowly. But I think the worst thing was not reporting the urgency, wanting to minimize, minimize,” said Xavier Tello, a public health analyst in Mexico City. “Because Mexico has not or is not testing for Covid, many people have died, and we do not know if they have had Covid.”
Excess death estimates also consider projected deaths that did not occur due to Covid restrictions, such as a reduction in traffic accidents or lockdowns that prevented deaths from influenza and other infectious diseases. Calculating excess mortality is difficult, WHO. About half of the countries in the world do not regularly report the number of deaths from all causes. Others provide only partial data.
The scientists also noted that excess death rates are not necessarily indicative of a country’s response to a pandemic — older and younger people will behave differently during a pandemic, regardless of the reaction. Where mortality data were not available, statisticians had to rely on modelling. In these cases, they made projections based on country-specific information such as containment measures, historical incidence rates, temperatures, and demographics to collect national data and then regional and global estimates.
“When we underestimate, we can underinvest,” said Dr Samira Asma, WHO. “And when we’re underestimated, we can miss intervention where it’s most needed.”